Malaysia: Opposition’s grand old men search for support among youth

  • Former premier Mahathir Mohamad and fellow opposition stalwart Lim Kit Siang spent nearly two hours on 21 Nov 17 night fielding searching questions from an audience of about 200 youths, as they attempted to engage a crucial votebank that is apparently becoming disinterested in politics.
  • The veteran duo shared a sofa in Petaling Jaya, Kuala Lumpur’s satellite city which has been an opposition stronghold over the past decade – a period during which the Umno-led Barisan Nasional lost its customary two-thirds control of Parliament, and subsequently the popular vote majority, for the first time.
  • But the opposition’s recent electoral successes could be reversed if it fails to revitalise voters below the age of 40, who have been more inclined to vote against Prime Minister Najib Razak’s government in previous polls.
  • A survey by top pollster Merdeka Center in Aug 17 found that 7 of 10 voters below the age of 30 did not care about politics and believed politicians were not trustworthy.
  • The Election Commission has also revealed that two-thirds of unregistered voters are below the age of 30. As of Jun 17, 3.8 million eligible Malaysians have yet to register. This works out to more than 25% of the 14.6 million who have enrolled.
  • Despite younger leaders rising through opposition ranks as compared to Barisan, Tun Mahathir, 92, and Democratic Action Party (DAP) supremo Lim, 76, remain Harapan’s most recognisable faces.
  • While the opposition welcomed Dr M with open arms as an asset to boost flagging support among the Malay majority, many young voters are still sceptical of the man whose 22-year rule was marked by claims of abuse of power and financial scandal – many of which were fodder for Mr Lim’s attacks against the Mahathir administration that ended in 2003.
  • Issues such as the 1987 Operation Lalang dragnet that saw 106 people, including Mr Lim, detained without trial, central bank foreign exchange losses amounting to tens of billions of ringgit, and accusations that Dr Mahathir undermined the independence of institutions such as the judiciary and police – often cited as the reason why Mr Najib has not had to answer for 1MDB in court – took centrestage at the townhall.
  • Self-professed opposition supporter Tharmelinggem Pillai, 24, asked Mr Lim if Harapan came to power, “would you create a Royal Commission of Inquiry to investigate the misdoings of the past, for example the wealth of Tun Mahathir’s sons… the BNM scandal. Or is it okay now that he is your partner?”
  • The Gelang Patah MP, who garnered the highest votes in DAP’s recent party polls, responded that “if there is perception of abuses of power there should be a full investigation” but insisted that “the most important thing today is to bring about change” and exhorted the audience not to focus on the past but the next 30 years.
  • Previous studies have shown that opposition parties fared better with younger voters. Data analytics firm Politweet found that there was a drop-off in Malay support for the opposition above the age of 40 at the 2013 general elections. There was also a Malay swing towards the opposition up to age 36, while those older shifted towards Barisan.

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