China sets up new super agency to fight corruption

  • China’s legislature officially set up the country’s new super anti-graft agency on 11 Mar 18, but the most contentious part – giving it the power to deny suspects access to lawyers – will be voted on at the end of the annual session.
  • As well as repealing the presidential term limit, the legislature added a clause to establish the National Supervisory Commission, which will have a status close to the cabinet and is ranked higher than the supreme court and top prosecutor’s office.
  • With the constitution revised, the chief of the new agency will be formally appointed by the legislature on 25 Mar 18.
  • The commission is Beijing’s answer to controversy over the current shuanggui system, under which the party’s top anti-corruption body, the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection, has the power to summon and detain without charge any member it suspects of breaching party rules and regulations.
  • Suspects are barred from seeing a lawyer while they are detained under this system, which is laid out in party regulations but not the law.
  • A new supervision law detailing how the new super agency will operate is to be put to a vote on 20 Mar 18, the last day of the legislative meeting.
  • While the CCDI has authority only over members of the party, the new agency will have jurisdiction over all public sector bodies. The supervision law will apply to everyone in public service, including judges and lawyers, according to state media.
  • The agency will be a merger of several government and prosecutorial anti-graft departments with the CCDI, as well as the supervision ministry under the State Council – so 11 Mar 18’s constitutional change also removed the supervision role from the cabinet’s powers.
  • CCDI chief Zhao Leji is expected to be named chairman of the commission, with a limit of two five-year terms, and will hold both roles concurrently.
  • The term limit is consistent with most top-level offices, including NPC chairman, premier, vice-premiers, state councillor, the top judge and top prosecutor.
  • The agency is expected to begin operating after the NPC Standing Committee confirms the appointments of all the members.

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